[[t]rut, rʊt[/t]]
1) bot a part of the body of a plant that develops, typically, from the radicle and grows downward into the soil, anchoring the plant and absorbing nutriment and moisture
2) bot any underground part of a plant, as a rhizome
3) something resembling or suggesting the root of a plant in position or function
4) anat. the embedded or basal portion of a hair, tooth, nail, nerve, etc
5) the fundamental or essential part
6) the source or origin of a thing:
the root of all evil[/ex]
7) a person or family as the source of offspring or descendants
8) roots
a) a person's original or ancestral home, environment, and culture
b) the personal relationships, affinity for a place, habits, etc., that make a locale one's true home
9) math.
a) a quantity that, when multiplied by itself a certain number of times, produces a given quantity:
2 is the square root of 4, the cube root of 8, and the fourth root of 16[/ex]
b) r th root, the quantity raised to the power 1/r:
2 is the? root of 8[/ex]
c) a value of the argument of a function for which the function takes the value zero
10) gram. ling.
a) a morpheme that underlies an inflectional or derivational paradigm, as dance, the root in danced, dancer or tend-, the root of Latin tendere“to stretch.”
b) such a form reconstructed for a parent language, as *sed-, the hypothetical proto-Indo-European root meaning “sit.”
11) mad
a) the fundamental tone of a compound musical tone of a series of harmonies
b) the lowest tone of a chord when arranged as a series of thirds; fundamental
a) mac (in a screw or other threaded object) the narrow inner surface between threads
b) mac (in a gear) the narrow inner surface between teeth
13) to become fixed or established
14) to fix by or as if by roots:
We were rooted to the spot in amazement[/ex]
15) to implant or establish deeply
16) agr. to pull, tear, or dig up by the roots (often fol. by up or out)
17) to extirpate; remove completely (often fol. by up or out):
to root out crime[/ex]
Etymology: bef. 1150; ME; late OE rōt < ON rōt, akin to OE wyrt plant, wort II II
[[t]rut, rʊt[/t]] v. i.
1) anb to turn up the soil with the snout, as swine
2) to poke or search:
to root around in a drawer for a cuff link[/ex]
3) anb to turn over with the snout (often fol. by up)
4) to unearth (often fol. by up)
Etymology: 1530–40; var. of wroot (now obs.), MEwroten, OE wrōtan, c. OHGruozzen; akin to OE wrōt a snout III
[[t]rut[/t]] or, sometimes, [[t]rʊt[/t]] v. i.
1) to encourage a team or contestant by cheering or applauding enthusiastically
2) to lend moral support
Etymology: 1885–90, amer.; perh. var. of rout III root′er, n.

From formal English to slang. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

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